Urban farming is the process of producing or growing food in a city or other densely inhabited places. It refers to agricultural practises in cities and their surrounding peri-urban regions. It promotes food availability for those in need by promoting and supporting the creation of gardens on underused land and space.

Some Common Urban Farming Techniques
Methods of urban farming can be used in apartment complexes and homes, on roofs, adjacent to restaurants and other enterprises, in backyards, at schools and so on. Some typical urban farming methods are as follows:

Vertical Farming: Food crops may be conveniently farmed in urban settings by planting in vertically stacked layers to conserve space and require little energy and water for irrigation.

Hydroponics: It is a method of growing crops without soil by substituting a new substance to support the plant’s roots and growing them directly in nutrient-rich water. There are other techniques to creating hydroponic systems, but the fundamental parts are the same.

Aquaponics: This term refers to the link that exists between water, aquatic life, bacteria, nutrient dynamics, and plants in streams all over the world. Taking inspiration from nature, aquaponics leverages the power of bio-integrating these different components: exchanging the waste by-product from the fish as a meal for the bacteria, which is then turned into a perfect fertiliser for the plants, and returning the water to the fish in a clean and safe form.

Container Farming: Container farming is the practise of growing plants in shipping containers rather than planting them on the ground. Containers may be used to cultivate both food and non-edible plants. Container farming reduces soil-borne disease problems and removes weeds. This kind of gardening makes it easy to monitor moisture, temperature, and sunshine.

Rooftop Farming: Rooftop farming is the practise of planting food on the rooftops of buildings.
Backyard Gardens: This is the practise of growing and producing your own food in any type of area in your backyard.

The Importance of Urban Agriculture:
1. Provides food and financial stability to city people.
2. It gives those who are jobless, underemployed, laid off, malnourished, eat bad foods, or suffer from hunger or food insecurity more power.
3. It assists people in transitioning from stagnant, tough circumstances to lively, healthy, and productive lifestyles.

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