The Yamuna River, a lifeline for millions of people in northern India, has been grappling with a significant environmental challenge in recent years—the fluctuating water levels.

The river, which flows through multiple states, including Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, and Uttar Pradesh, plays a vital role in irrigation, drinking water supply, and ecological balance.

The Causes of Fluctuating Water Levels:

Rainfall Variations: The Yamuna River heavily depends on rainfall for its water supply.

Irregular patterns of monsoon rains and changing weather patterns, including long dry spells and intense rainfall events, have contributed to fluctuations in the water levels.

Diversion and Extraction:

These diversions and extractions have resulted in reduced water flow downstream, affecting the overall water levels.

Pollution and Encroachment:

The Yamuna River has long suffered from pollution due to untreated sewage, industrial waste, and agricultural runoff.

The contamination reduces the water-holding capacity and affects the river’s ecosystem, leading to changes in water levels.

Consequences of Fluctuating Water Levels:

Water Scarcity:

Fluctuating water levels often lead to water scarcity, especially during periods of low flow.

This scarcity affects irrigation for agriculture, drinking water supply for communities along the river, and sustenance of flora and fauna dependent on the river ecosystem.

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