One of the most terrifying months for the solar system was June. The Sun produced more than 160 spots last month, breaking its two-decade record. According to Space.com, the results demonstrate that the current solar cycle, the 25th since records began, is intensifying much more swiftly than predicted by NASA and the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
One year may pass before the Sun reaches its high of just less than 200 monthly sunspots, according to some experts. This is in contrast to space agency predictions that the maximum number of sunspots per month during the 25th solar cycle would be 125.
Highest monthly average sunspot quantity since September 2002, according to solar physicist Keith Strong. The sunspot number in June 2023 was 163.4, which was the highest value in more than 20 years.
According to Spaceweather.com, one of these sunspots, which are the colder, darker, and more magnetically active areas of the star’s surface, produced a powerful solar flare on July 2 that briefly disrupted radio coverage in the western United States and over the Pacific Ocean. Such events might start to occur more regularly in the future as the solar cycle gets closer to its apex.
Strong solar storms tend to occur more frequently in odd years, according to NASA Solar Physics Research Scientist Robert Leamon in a previous interview with Space.com. We might anticipate the most powerful events to occur after the maximum, in 2025 and 2026, because Cycle 25 is unusual. This is due to the sun’s poles flipping every 11 years. To maximise damage and the best coupling from the solar wind through the Earth’s magnetic field, you want the poles of the sun and Earth to be in the same configuration.