Built-in the 12th century by the Yadava Dynasty, this fort city resides on the Hill of Gods or Devagiri in Marathi, hence the original name of Devagiri Fort. It changed hands twice in as many centuries since then from Yadavas to Khilji Dynasty and then to the Tughlak Dynasty. By the early 14th century, Mohammed-bin-Tughlak moved his capital from Old Delhi to Devagiri and renamed it as Daulatabad or the City of Fortune or alternately the Abode of Wealth. In his zealous attempt, he ordered many people from his courts in Delhi to move to Devagiri too. Those who refused were tortured and forced to move or killed. This decision was, however short-lived. Devagiri did not have enough water to support the functioning of a capital city and had to be abandoned. When the Tughlak king then moved the capital back to Old Delhi, many Muslims who had migrated from Delhi preferred to stay back in Devagiri, away from the tyrant. This is said to have given shape to the unique demography of the area. In later years, Mughal rulers found a fascination with Devagiri Fort’s unique military engineering, town planning, and its palaces and made it their summer residence. The fort also came under the control of Marathas for a short period. As a fort city, the site covers a huge area and will require anywhere between a few hours to a full day, depending on your interest. It is situated about 20 km northwest from Aurangabad.