A revolutionary space telescope dubbed Euclid, after the Greek mathematician Euclid, has started out from Florida on an astonishing million-mile trip to explore the cosmos’ secrets. This two-ton spacecraft was launched into orbit by Elon Musk’s SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Cape Canaveral at (11:11 AM local time) or 8:41 PM IST. It was a part of a $1 billion European Space Agency project.

A 1.5 million km observation point will be chosen for the telescope.

What’s the objective of the mission?

Euclid’s main goal is to monitor and investigate the universe’s large-scale structure. It will give us crucial insights through visible images, near-infrared spectroscopy, and photometry because it is outfitted with cutting-edge equipment like the Visible instrument (VIS) and the Near Infrared Spectrometer and Photometer (NISP).

Euclid intends to improve our comprehension of the cosmos’ development by charting the massive structure of the universe, including the distribution of galaxies and other stuff on a huge scale. It also aims to give information on the function of dark matter and energy in the universe’s expansion.

Measuring the redshifts of galaxies is one of Euclid’s main responsibilities. As the universe expands, a process known as redshift causes galaxies’ light to be bent. Scientists can map the distribution of stuff across the universe and gauge the distances between galaxies by examining the redshifts.

Euclid’s month-long voyage represents a significant turning point in the effort to probe the expanse of space. Its scientific pursuits will further our understanding of the cosmos’s structure and shed light on the underlying forces that form the universe.

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Launch impacted by Russia-Ukraine conflict

It should be remembered that the Euclid telescope was initially intended to blast off from the European spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana, on a Russian Soyuz rocket. However, as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine began, the plan was changed, which left the project in a difficult situation.At ESA in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, Giuseppe Racca, the mission manager for Euclid, said, “We were faced with the possibility of putting the spacecraft in storage and launching in three to four years.”

Racca claims that when SpaceX was brought on board since Falcon 9 was determined to be suitable for the Euclid mission, the scientific team experienced some relief.

While the whole information map won’t be released until 2030, the first Euclid results will reach Earth by 2025.

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