Diabetes patients frequently have foot issues. They can develop over time as high blood sugar affects the nerves and blood vessels in the foot. Diabetic neuropathy is a kind of nerve injury that can cause numbness, tingling, pain, or loss of feeling in your feet.
When you can’t feel pain, you might not notice whether you have a cut, blister, or ulcer (open sore) on your foot. A wound like that might become infected. Because damaged blood vessels might cause inadequate blood flow in your foot, the infection may not heal effectively.
HOW TO PROTECT
The most effective way to preserve your feet is to keep your blood sugar levels under control on a daily basis. This will help to minimise nerve and blood vessel damage from worsening. The next stage is to maintain your feet’s skin healthy.
Checking feet everyday is IMPORTANT : Examine the skin and toenails for wounds, redness, and other changes, such as warts or other areas where your shoes may irritate. Check the bottoms of your feet as well.
Washing feet frequently is IMPORTANT as well : Use soap and warm water. Soaking your feet might cause your skin to dry out. After drying your feet, apply talcum powder between your toes. They absorb moisture that might lead to illness. If you use lotion, avoid putting it between your toes.
Cut your Toenails : Cutting your toenails is important! If you find it difficult to trim your own toenails, or if they are thick or curl into the skin, consult a podiatrist (foot doctor).
Well Fitting Shoes : Wear well fitting shoes and socks or slippers to protect your feet. Even indoors, you don’t walk barefoot. Also, make sure your shoes are smooth on the inside.
Heat and cold protection for your feet : Apply sunscreen to exposed skin and avoid walking barefoot on the beach. Wear warm socks instead of warming your feet near a heater.
Getting your feet checked at your health care visits : Even if you haven’t noticed a problem, it’s good to have your health care provider look at your feet.