Following the successful launch of Chandrayaan-3 on the GSLV Mark 3 (LVM 3) heavy-lift launch vehicle on Friday, S Somanath, Director of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), stated that landing is a crucial milestone for future exploration.

“Chandrayaan-3 is a critical phase…It is critical to arrive at this time. It is impossible to collect samples, land humans, or build lunar bases unless you land. As a result, landing is a critical step for further exploration,” said ISRO chief S Somanath.

The ISRO’s Chandrayaan-3 project is the follow-up to the Chandrayaan-2 mission, which had difficulties during its soft landing on the lunar surface in 2019 and was ultimately deemed to have failed its key mission objectives.

Earlier today, Chandrayaan-3 was launched on GSLV Mark 3 (LVM 3) heavy-lift launch vehicle successfully from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh’s Sriharikota as per the scheduled launch time.

The spacecraft’s voyage from Earth to the moon is planned to take around a month, with the landing scheduled for August 23. It will operate for one lunar day, or around 14 Earth days, after landing. One day on the Moon is equivalent to fourteen days on Earth.

Chandrayaan-3, India’s third lunar exploration mission, will make India the fourth country after the United States, China, and Russia to land a spacecraft on the moon’s surface and demonstrate the country’s abilities for safe and soft landings.

After the orbit-raising manoeuvres, Chandrayaan-3 will be put into the Lunar Transfer Trajectory. It will reach the Moon in the next weeks after travelling over 3,000,000 kilometres. Scientific instruments onboard will study the Moon’s surface and enhance our knowledge. Chandrayaan-3 is equipped with a lander, a rover and a propulsion module. It weighs around 3,900 kilograms.

Moon serves as a repository of the Earth’s past and a successful lunar mission by India will help enhance life on Earth while also enabling it to explore the rest of the solar system and beyond.

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