Semiconductor devices and integrated circuits, maintaining optimal performance and efficiency is of paramount importance.

One of the factors that can significantly impact the device characteristics is the presence of bulk traps.

These imperfections in the semiconductor material can lead to a host of undesirable effects, affecting device functionality and reliability.

What are Bulk Traps?

In a semiconductor material, bulk traps are defects or imperfections located within the bulk crystal lattice structure.

These traps act as localized energy levels within the bandgap, situated between the valence and conduction bands.

The presence of these energy levels can adversely affect the behavior of charge carriers (electrons and holes) in the material, leading to performance degradation in semiconductor devices.

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