The Ancient Universities of India Renowned for Teaching Law, Economics and Art

1.Nalanda University:

Who first built Nalanda University?

Nalanda Mahavihara was founded by Kumargupta I of the Gupta dynasty in 5th century CE. It was patronized by various rulers including King Harshavardhana of Kannauj (7th century CE) and the Pala rulers (8th – 12th century CE) as well as various scholars.

Is Nalanda the first university?

Founded in 427 CE, Nalanda is considered the world’s first residential university, a sort of medieval Ivy League institution home to nine million books that attracted 10,000 students from across Eastern and Central Asia.

Who destroyed Nalanda University first?

The Leading Centre Of Teaching Of Mahayana Buddhism Was Nalanda But Other Topics Of Education Were Also Featured Here. Finally At The End Of 12th Century Invader Bakhityar Khilji Demolished The Monastery, Killed The Monks And Burned The Valuable Library.

Did Nalanda burn for 3 months?

Khilji was miffed that a Buddhist monk was able to do what his Islamic doctors couldn’t. The Sultan decided to terminate the source of this ability by burning down the Nalanda University library, destroying around 9 million books, and effectively suppressing Buddhism. It took 3 months to burn down the library.

2.Takshahilla University:

Who is the founder of Takshashila University?

Takshashila : The world’s first known university. At least 2,800 years ago, (800BCE ) there existed a giant University at Takshashila  called , a town located in the north-western region of India (in today’s Pakistan). According to the Ramayana, King Bharata founded the town in the name of his son, Taksha.

Where is Takshashila University in India?

The Takshashila University was located in Rawalpindi, in present-day Pakistan. It taught 64 subjects, including literature. Alumni include Jivak, Panini, and Kautilya. Fa-Hien, the Chinese scholar, had visited this university at the beginning of the 5th century.
Who destroyed the University of Taxila?
Taxila was burned by the White Huns c600 AD and Nalanda by the Khaljis 1196. Babur, the first Mughal, arrived 1526.
Who burnt takshila and Nalanda university?

Invader Bakhityar Khilji

Finally At The End Of 12th Century Invader Bakhityar Khilji Demolished The Monastery, Killed The Monks And Burned The Valuable Library. At Present In View Of The Fact That This Place Was A Symbol Of Asian Unity And Strength, The Nalanda International University Is Being Established Nearby.

3.Sharda Peeth POK:

Who broke Sharda Peeth?

In 1947, taking advantage of the confusion over Kashmir’s accession, Pak Army Regulars and Pashtun tribals invaded Kashmir. Sharda Peeth, situated on the banks of Kishanganga river, fell into Pakistani hands and became an abandoned structure. The Kashmir earthquake of 2005 led to further destruction of the Shrine.

When was Sharada Peeth destroyed?

In ancient India, this temple cum monastery (Peetha) was famed as a great center of learning and it attracted students from all over India. The temple was first destroyed by Sikandar Butshikan (c. 14th century).

4.Pushpagiri University:

The Chinese traveler Huien Tsang visited this university in 639 CE. Lalitgiri is said to have been commissioned by early 2nd century BCE. Recently few images of Emperor Ashoka have been discovered here. It has been suggested that the University was established by Ashoka himself.

What is the history of Pushpagiri University?

It emerged between the 3rd to the 11th century, it was considered an important Buddhist site of ancient India and a major center of learning. The sculptures made by cutting the remains of stupas are also seen here. Pushpagiri was mentioned by the Chinese traveler Xuanzang (602 – 604).

Who destroyed Pushpagiri University?

 Pushpagiri University was destroyed during the period of Muslim invasion of India. It was destroyed by Bakhtiyar Khilji from Turkey in 1193 CE.

5.Mithila University:

Who was the founder of Mithila University?

Sunit Kumar Chaterjee and many others. These people made demand to the government for establishment of a modern university at Darbhanga. On 27 January 1947 the Mithila University committee was formed; Dr Amarnath Jha was the President of this committee and Pt. Harinath Mishra the General Secretary.

What was the education of ancient Mithila?

The Mithila school of Nyaya was an Indian school of Nyaya philosophy, which flourished from the 12th-13th to the 15th century in Mithila. Students were not allowed to take any piece of written information with them after finishing their studies, to keep a monopoly on this subject.

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